FAQs for claiming benefits during Covid-19
A guide to claiming benefits during the Covid-19 situation if your situation has changed recently or otherwise.
Please note: This guidance is primarily for Link tenants and only Link tenants can access our internal advice services.
- 1. I am employed but have been contacted by the Test & Protect Service and told to self-isolate for 14 days. Am I entitled to claim any benefits?
You may be eligible for the Self-Isolation Support Grant. This is £500 and is available by applying to your local council’s Scottish Welfare Fund. You must be either employed or self-employed, unable to work from home, have a loss of income as a result of not being able to work, and be entitled to certain benefits e.g. Universal Credit, Housing Benefit, Working tax Credit.
Your employer should pay Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) from the first day you were advised to self- isolate. SSP is £95.85 per week. If you are not entitled to SSP and or need help with rent costs you may be able to claim Universal Credit. Entitlement will depend on your household income.
If you are already receiving Housing Benefit, Working Tax Credit, or Child Tax Credit please see question 13.
- 2. I have lost my job/or been laid of temporarily with no income. Can I claim anything?
You may be entitled to a payment from your employer through the ‘Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme’. See question 14 for more details.
You may have to make a claim for Universal Credit, especially if you need assistance with paying your rent. Claims can be made online at www.gov.uk/apply-universal-credit. If you do not have access to a computer or iPad, please call Universal Credit on 0800 328 5644.
If you do not qualify for Universal Credit, due to capital or other household factors, you may be able to claim New Style Jobseekers Allowance by applying online www.apply-for-new-style-jsa.service.gov.uk/ or calling 0800 055 6688, or claim New Style Employment and Support Allowance (if you have a health problem) by calling 0800 328 5644 (choose option 2). These new style benefits are based on the national insurance you have paid or been credited with.
You may also be able to claim for a reduction in your council tax.
If you are already receiving Housing Benefit, Working Tax Credit, or Child Tax Credit please see question 13 below.
- 3. How do I make a claim to Universal Credit (UC)?
Claims can be made online www.gov.uk/apply-universal-credit. You will need to create a username and password and answer two security questions. You will then be sent a code by email which you need to enter in the appropriate box which will then allow you to complete your claim.
You must provide details of your rent and services charge amounts separately on the claim to confirm your total monthly rent charge. If you are unsure how much these are, please contact your housing officer.
Couples need to make individual claims to Universal Credit therefore both need to have email addresses, create passwords and security questions. Although the claims are made individually, they must be made at the same time and the claims are joined for entitlement purposes.
You will need to be able to verify your identity to make a claim. The online claim form directs you to the Gov.UK Verify website to do this. If you are unable to use this facility, tick the box that states you cannot verify your ID online. You will be asked to telephone the Jobcentre to arrange an appointment. However, due to the current movement restrictions this is not required. A member of staff from the Jobcentre will telephone you to carry out the ID interview.
If you are unable to complete an online claim, please contact Universal Credit on 0800 328 5644.
The Citizens Advice Bureau’s “Help to Claim” service can support you in the early stages of your Universal Credit claim, from the application, through to your first payment. Their national helpline number is 0800 023 2581.
If you are already receiving Housing Benefit, Working Tax Credit, or Child Tax Credit, please see question 13.
- 4. When will I receive my first Universal Credit payment?
One month plus one week from the date of claim. e.g. for a claim made to Universal Credit on 9th April, the first payment will be made 13th May. Any subsequent payments should be paid on the 13th of each month.
- 5. I have no money to keep me going until I get a payment from Universal Credit. What do I do?
You can claim an advance from Universal Credit. You do not have to attend the Jobcentre in person to qualify for an advance. This must be paid back at an agreed amount.
You may also be able to claim for a Scottish Welfare Fund crisis grant from your local authority. This is usually payable in the form of food and utility vouchers.
If you require a food parcel you can contact your local foodbank. If you need advice or help with this please contact email@example.com.
- 6. Will I need to attend the Jobcentre if I am self-isolating for any claims I make to benefits?
The current suspension of the normal requirement to attend the Jobcentre in person, when claiming benefits, is being gradually lifted. You may be asked to attend the Jobcentre.
The work search and work availability requirements for Universal Credit have been eased but you will need to discuss this with your work coach. Please contact Universal Credit on 0800 328 5644.
- 7. I am self-employed and due to current situation, have no work or am having to self-isolate, what can I claim?
If you became self-employed before 6 April 2019 you may be entitled to a payment from the UK Government Self-Employment Income Support Scheme for those affected by the coronavirus outbreak. This scheme has been extended until at least September 2021.
The fourth grant will open for application from late April 2021 to 31 May. It is intended that the fifth and final grant will be payable for the period May to September. More information is available online.
If you have been contacted by the Test & Protect Service and told to self-isolate for 14 days, you may be eligible for the Self-Isolation Support Grant. See question 1 for more detail.
In the meantime, if you are not eligible for the above or require financial assistance now, claim Universal Credit online at www.gov.uk/apply-universal-credit, or by calling 0800 328 5644. The need for minimum floor income (an assumed level of income) has been suspended.
Alternatively, you can make a claim to New Style Employment and Support Allowance by calling 0800 328 5644 or New Style Jobseekers Allowance by calling 0800 055 6688. The seven day wait for Employment and Support Allowance for new claimants suffering from coronavirus or required to self-isolate will not apply, so it will be payable from day one.
If you are already receiving Housing Benefit, Working Tax Credit, or Child Tax Credit please see question 13.
- 8. I work a zero-hour contract. If I self-isolate will I get SSP?
People on zero-hour contracts may be eligible for SSP. It will depend on how many hours you have worked regularly, and the income received, but in the first instance, contact your employer directly to find out if you are entitled.
If you have been contacted by the Test & Protect Service and told to self-isolate for 14 days, you may be eligible for the Self-Isolation Support Grant.
See question 1 for more detail.
- 9. I am on partial housing benefit due to my earnings, but my income has reduced/stopped. How do I make up the difference to pay my rent?
Contact your local council’s benefit team and advise them of your change in circumstances. If you are unable to do this your local authority should have a change of circumstances online form for you to complete.
Your entitlement to housing benefit will then be amended to reflect your change in income. If your income reduces, your entitlement to housing benefit will usually increase. It is important to speak to your housing officer to let them know about this change.
- 10. I am currently on Universal Credit and my income has reduced/stopped. How will Universal Credit know?
Let Universal Credit know by inputting a note on your online journal, detailing how and when your circumstances changed, and your Universal Credit award should be adjusted accordingly.
You can ask for a further advance until your Universal Credit is adjusted but remember any advances will be recovered by deductions from your ongoing Universal Credit award.
- 11. I am in receipt of Personal Independence Payment or Employment and Support Allowance and I completed a review form recently. Will I be called in for a face-to-face medical assessment?
The Department for Work and Pensions has taken the precautionary decision to temporarily suspend all face-to-face assessments for health and disability-related benefits.
This is aimed at reducing the risk of exposure to coronavirus and safeguarding the health of individuals claiming health and disability benefits, many of whom are likely to be at greater risk due to pre-existing health conditions.
A telephone or video assessment may be offered, and it is very important to participate in this. For more information about what to expect during the telephone assessment please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
- 12. I feel like my situation is critical, I have no one to assist and I don’t know where to turn for help.
Contact us on 03451 400 100 and request a referral to our advice service. One of our advisors will get in touch as quickly as possible to discuss your situation and provide you with any necessary advice or available assistance.
- 13. What if I am working and receiving Housing Benefit, Working Tax Credit, or Child Tax Credit?
Currently, if you claim Universal Credit your Housing Benefit, Working Tax Credit, or Child Tax Credit will stop. Universal Credit replaces these benefits and the intention is everyone in receipt of these benefits will move on to Universal Credit over the next few years.
However, if you claim Universal Credit now, these benefits will stop now and, importantly, you cannot reclaim them after this crisis is over. For more information, contact our advice service on 03451 400 100.
- 14. My employer has advised me not to come in to work but has not made me redundant.
The UK Government has extended the ‘Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme’ to help pay worker’s wages. This scheme has been extended until the end of September 2021.
The official intent is this will enable most employees who are temporarily not working due to coronavirus to be kept on the payroll rather than be laid-off or made redundant. Under the scheme, the UK Government will pay up to 80% of a worker’s wages, up to a total of £2,500 per worker each month.
Both you and your employer must agree to put you on “furlough” - so speak to your employer about whether they can claim. You cannot apply for the scheme yourself. Once agreed your employer must write to you confirming you have been furloughed to be eligible to claim.
More information is available on the UK Government’s website.
- 15. My child receives free school meals, what will happen now the schools are closed?
The Scottish Government has stated free school meals will continue with local authorities making them available either through vouchers or through community hubs where the meals can be collected by families.
How you access the meals depends on the area you live in. Check your local council’s website or phone them for more details.
- 16. I am really worried about getting into debt with my bills and who should I pay first.
You should try to pay your priorities first i.e. rent, council tax and utilities. If you are struggling to pay your bills, advice is available from the Money Advice Service www.moneyadviceservice.org.uk or contact your housing officer who will be able to refer you to a money advisor in your area.
- 17. I can't afford to pay my debt due to coronavirus as I've lost some or all my income. What can I do?
Talk to your creditors directly, advise them of your situation and ask them for a freeze on any payments where possible or discuss with them other things they may be able to offer i.e. reduce interest charges or reduce repayments.
- 18. If I get or a freeze on any payments or an increased credit limit due to coronavirus will my credit rating be affected?
It depends on the lender. If a temporary payment holiday is in place your credit rating might not be affected. It is important to speak to your creditor and check if they will update your credit report to show you aren't making the contractual payment.
Ask them how this will be looked upon and if this will be recorded as a default. This could affect lending prospects in the future.
If you require advice and assistance with regards to your money/debt issues, please get in touch with an approved money advisor.
- 19. I have received a letter from the Scottish Government advising I am in the “shielding” group. What help can I receive?
It is important to register for assistance, even if someone is currently helping you with food and medication deliveries. Information on how to register is in the shielding letter you have received. If the current help you receive stops for any reason, you can access support by calling 0800 111 4000.
The line is open Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm. If you need a food delivery – this is delivered once week after you ask for assistance and is free. You will them receive a weekly delivery until you advise you no longer need this.
For more information about shielding and local support, visit the Scottish Government website www.gov.scot/publications/covid-shielding/pages/overview and the Ready Scotland website www.readyscotland.org.